Onychomycosis, commonly known as nail fungus, is a fungal infection that affects the nails of the toes and fingers. The infection can cause the nails to become thick, discolored, and brittle, making it difficult to perform daily activities. While several over-the-counter remedies are available, prescription medications are often necessary to effectively treat the infection. This article will explore the drugs used for onychomycosis treatment Canada.
Oral antifungal medications:
Oral antifungal medications are often the first-line treatment for onychomycosis. These medications attack the fungus from within the body, leading to healthy nail growth over time. Some common oral antifungal medications include:
Terbinafine is a medication typically taken for 6 to 12 weeks, depending on the severity of the infection. It is highly effective, with cure rates of up to 80%. The medication works by inhibiting an enzyme called squalene epoxidase, which is involved in the synthesis of fungal cell membranes.
Itraconazole is another antifungal medication taken orally for 12-16 weeks. It is effective in treating several types of fungal infections, including onychomycosis.
Fluconazole is an oral antifungal medication for 6-12 weeks. It effectively treats several fungal infections but may have more side effects than other medications.
Topical antifungal medications:
Topical antifungal medications are applied to the affected nail(s) and surrounding area. While they are generally less effective than oral medications, they may help treat mild cases of onychomycosis. Some common topical antifungal medications include:
Ciclopirox is an antifungal medication applied as a nail lacquer. It is typically used for mild to moderate cases of onychomycosis.
Efinaconazole is an antifungal medication applied as a topical solution. It is effective in treating mild to moderate cases of onychomycosis.
Combination therapy involves oral and topical antifungal medications to treat onychomycosis effectively. This approach may be necessary in severe cases of onychomycosis or where previous treatments have been unsuccessful.
Onychomycosis can be a complex condition, but several medications are available to manage the infection effectively. Oral antifungal medications are often the first-line treatment, but topical antifungal medications and combination therapy may also be helpful in some instances. If you are experiencing persistent symptoms of onychomycosis, consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.